Impact of deduction of minimal rewards: the position of building industries.

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Based on a simple figure by Thomas Werner 2013, show the impact of deduction of minimal rewards. In the figure 1 where the inside informations of the followers is represent, the ( absolutely competitory ) labour market with the respective ( absolutely competitory ) goods market and a really cardinal production map in a strategy of three quarter-circles. In the upper left diagram ( 1stquarter-circle ) , we have depicted a traditional production map ( with diminishing fringy returns ) in a sector which is eligible for minimal pay statute law.

In the “base tally ” of Figure 1, we assume perfect competition in the attendant goods market. The several supply and demand curves are well behaved ” ( see upper right diagram, 2neodymiumquarter-circle ) . Their intersection explains the equilibrium end product Y and monetary value degree P in the initial state of affairs. Equilibrium end product, which is shown in the upper left quarter-circle ( 1stquarter-circle ) , goes along with equilibrium employment L, the latter is the consequence of the intersection of labour demand and labour supply in the lower quarter-circle ( 3rdquarter-circle ) .

By presenting a adhering lower limit pay wmin rate into the labour market, employers will cut down employment consequently, production will shrivel and the sectorial supply SS curve will be shifted to the right. The ensuing extra demand on the goods market will take to a new and higher monetary value Pmin. Notice that the higher monetary value will now increase the fringy merchandise of labor in footings of value ( i.e. labour demand ) and will switch the several curve LD in the lower quarter-circle to the right LD’ with the consequence that we achieved the degree of employment Lmin and the new end product degree Y min. ( Thomas Werner 2013 )

To sum up, the above figure 1, province that the deduction on minimal rewards possibly affect the determination of employer to use less staff, this cause concatenation consequence of cut downing factor of production where subsequently cut down the figure of supply in the market and subsequently consequence the monetary value of the supply due to inordinate demand.

Based on the figure, by using to our building industry, we can find that it will impact our employment rates in our industry, quality of production, material monetary value, and monetary value of concluding production such as the edifice itself or the stamp by contractors.

Deficit of labors in building industry

The issue respect to execution of minimal rewards on the building industry it the employment issue. As we all know that our building industry have ever face issue such deficit of workers. ( MBAM 2014 ) therefore we used foreign worker as a supply for this deficit but the execution on the minimal rewards may do the issue of the deficit of worker to worsted as some employers chose to use foreign workers in times of labour deficit, instead than raising rewards and bettering working conditions to pull local workers. ( Hamzah 2012 ) But the execution of minimal rewards, it is possible of pulling both the foreign worker and local worker in hence increasing the supply. As the minimal rewards between foreign worker and local worker are to be similar the opportunity this gives the local worker an country to vie with foreign worker for occupation chance. Harmonizing to A. H. M. Zehadul Karim et Al. ( 1999 ) , the uncontrolled presences of foreign labors play a important function in keeping the lower rewards level in building industry. Malaysia will go on to confront a labour deficit if it does non turn to its weak foreign labor Torahs and increase the minimal rewards paid to Indonesian workers. ( The New Straits Times Press ( Malaysia ) Berhad, 2010 ) However, the increased chance and rewards for local to fall in the building industry may non truly address the issue of deficit of labor as this does non alter the fact that employer are still non willing to increase the rewards but by act of authorities policy. Therefore employer may take to cut down figure of worker hired by doing local or foreign worker work dual input for their rewards. The local worker will experience non willing to be taken advantage of by employer and will go on to hold bad image of this industry will instead be unemployed that fall ining building industry. As Many Malaysian are no longer willing to execute occupations that they consider it as 3D’s that contribute to the dependence on the foreign work force. They are non interested working in a unsmooth nature of work in site, which is needs more physical strength compared to working in air conditioned office. ( Mohd Arif Marhani 2012 ) Therefore merely beginning labour supply are still foreign workers.

Price escalation of stuff for building

As stated that the deduction on minimal rewards affect the determination of employer to use less staff, this cause concatenation consequence of cut downing factor of production where subsequently cut down the figure of supply in the market and subsequently consequence the monetary value of the supply due to inordinate demand. This will do deficit of supply of stuff in building industry where it later it will caused the monetary value of stuff to escalated. As this can be seen in Malaysia, as Sarawak’s exclusive cement maker CMS Cement Sdn Bhd will raise the monetary values of its merchandise by 5 % to 9 % . ( The Star 2014 ) and the intensifying monetary values of edifice stuffs, higher work force costs due to shortage of labor every bit good as hidden costs are among the chief concerns of belongings developers in Johor. ( The Star 2010 ) This is due to increased labor cost in the fabrication industries as the fabrication sector to be most affected by the minimal pay. Based on a Ministry of Human Resource ( MOHR ) study in 2009, 33.8 % of workers in the state earned less than MYR700 a month. ( Maybank 2012 )

Tender monetary value and contract amount in building

Due to increase material monetary value and deficit of labors cause by execution of minimal rewards the possibility of the stamp monetary value of the building industries will increase. The contractor will take to increase the stamp monetary value or contract amount in order addition high net income and to cover for the increased of the rewards and material monetary values. Therefore over clip, the impact of higher rewards in the building sector will be reflected in higher contract values in the stamps for new occupations. ( Maybank 2012 )

Due to the consequence of increasing of stamp monetary value and contract amount by contractor, ensuing the addition the cost of development for developer. As the company Guocoland ( M ) Bhd sees the lifting cost of development a turning challenge that is confronting many developers within the local belongings sector. The external market factors and Bank Negara’s rigorous loaning guidelines aside, the biggest factor will be the current lifting cost of development. ( The Star Property 2013 )

Mentions

Abdul-Rahman, H. , Wang, C. , Wood, L. and Low, S. ( 2012 ) . Negative impact induced by foreign workers: Evidence in Malayan building sector. Habitat International, 36 ( 4 ) , pp.433 — 443.

Free Malaysia Today, ( 2014 ) . Material, labour deficit in building sector. [ on-line ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/business/2014/01/29/material-labour-shortage-in-construction-sector/ [ Accessed 11 Jul. 2014 ] .

Iskandarmalaysia.com.my, ( 2014 ) . Rising constructing stuff, labor and hidden costs chief concern for Johor developers – Iskandar Malaysia. [ on-line ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.iskandarmalaysia.com.my/news/101116/rising-building-material-labour-and-hidden-costs-main-concern-for-johor-developers [ Accessed 11 Jul. 2014 ] .

Lemos, S. ( 2009 ) . Minimal pay effects in a underdeveloped state. Labour Economicss, 16 ( 2 ) , pp.224 — 237.

Malaysia Premier Property and Real Estate Portal, ( 2013 ) . Rising cost a challenge to developers – Malaysia Premier Property and Real Estate Portal. [ on-line ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.starproperty.my/index.php/articles/property-news/rising-cost-a-challenge-to-developers/ [ Accessed 11 Jul. 2014 ] .

Marhani, M. , Adnan, H. , Baharuddin, H. , Esa, M. and Hassan, A. ( 2012 ) . Dependence of foreign workers in Malayan building industry. Built Environment Journal, 9 ( 1 ) , pp.39 — 50.

Maybank IB Research, ( 2014 ) . Economics & amp ; Market Update.

Memon, A. ( 2014 ) . Identifying Construction Resource Factors Affecting Construction Cost: Case of johor. [ on-line ] Academia.edu. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.academia.edu/2487728/Identifying_Construction_Resource_Factors_Affecting_Construction_Cost_Case_of_johor [ Accessed 11 Jul. 2014 ] .

Thestar.com.my, ( 2014 ) . Cement monetary value goes up – Community | The Star Online. [ on-line ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.thestar.com.my/News/Community/2014/01/18/Cement-price-goes-up-Move-by-sole-manufacturer-takes-effect-Feb-17-first-hike-since-2011/ [ Accessed 11 Jul. 2014 ] .

Werner, T. , Sell, F. and Reinisch, D. ( 2013 ) . Price effects of minimal rewards: Evidence from the building sector in East and West Germany.

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