Change is a factor that drives our lives thru the twenty first century with awesome speed, that’s why the prediction of change, the feeling of change became one of the most important conditions for survivals. Software development life cycle is a process, where the ability to become successful depends on the knowledge related to leading the change, engaging with change and surviving with change (Paton, McCalman, 2008, p. 15).
Nowadays, when practical perspectives of change management are enthusiastically adopted by enterprises at various levels, the global use of knowledge in terms of working with international businesses still experiences a lack of common scientific basis. The issue can be envisaged as a tendency of using cultural and ethical peculiarities as an influential factor in the process of working with change management cases. Western, Eastern Europeans, Americans and Asians are not the same and it seems to be natural that they react on changes in different manners (Ackoff, &Emery, 2005, p.
35). Despite all cross-cultural differences change management has one constant and similar for every destination factor – it is a change itself. Surfing thru historical facts we will hardly find an outstanding individual, who achieved his victories or made his discoveries without challenging and solving out the situations related to change. Change and management are synonyms. Hardly a change is possible without being managed appropriately. There is a simple example: in order to make a step (it’s a change) you need to know in what direction and how many steps you need to make.
These criteria are important for the future; they help to reach your goals (Kerzner, 2006, p. 17). Many philosophers and technicians were studying the nature of change, its sustainability and probability of success score in terms of organization, learning environment or scientific study. The main goal of current work is to dive deeper into change management study giving an answer on the questions related to organization’s survival travelling thru all the changes its stuff is able to go thru and picking up the right model of organizational behavior in accordance with particular scenario it might face.
The Importance of Change Change became an important criterion of every actively operating organization. The ability of organization to manage its processes at appropriate level will be judged on its ability to manage changes efficiently. Change management on the beginning of 21st century will be characterized by its capacity to decrease the time scales going thru various challenges (Paton, McCalman, 2008, p. 45). Growing popularity of web based business enhances and underlines the importance of change management.
Nowadays, when the situation with main office in the UK, which is working with subcontractors from Mumbai and supporting the client in Melbourne, is a reality, the prediction and anticipation of change becomes priority one business in IT sphere globally. Highly dynamic complex development environments with state of art tools and products to use, make control and understanding of change a weapon of the future business requirements, disregarding the industry where it is currently used (Overton, Frolick, Wilkes, 1996, 54).
Any contemporary public or private enterprise experiences a deep rooted demand for combination of three major factors – soft and hardware innovations with a combination of efficient change management. All the regulations and precautions used earlier became a history in new era of networking and well established telecommunications. Summarizing the ideas stated above there is a necessity to underline that one of the main goals for a manager, nowadays, is predicting and managing changes in modern highly interactive environment without losing control over the situation and managing to save the key competences of the enterprise.
Human factor plays an important role in reaching these goals, as an efficient management team is one of the conditions, which will help to design, to evaluate and to implement the successful management strategies under current challenging circumstances. The Change’s Nature It is essential that at the time the manager faces a certain possibility of change; his first intention should be related to studying the nature of this change. Within knowing the nature of change management team obtains the capacity to predict the possible impact of this change on the processes and evaluate the most appropriate models for managing the situation.
There is a range of factors and conditions to be considered before any decision on change methodology will be made. One of the first choices that should be performed is a choice of manager, who due to his professional skills and knowledge suits the position of project manager for existing issue. The next step includes studying the nature of change in terms of its impact. Afterwards, the classification of resources, objectives, interests, time scales, etc, will bring the deeper knowledge of change’s nature and will give the better understanding of the way to be undertaken in the situation (Hong, Kim, 2001, p.
15). The next stage helps to identify the forces, which are behind this change and what is the aim of these forces operating with at certain background of change environment. Gaining success in change management at many criteria depends on the ability of perceptions shared and open minded ideas of all collaborators’ stages at all the issues. Understanding of internal and external factors that might influence the certain change brings an additional value for change management along with the determination of the next steps to be performed.